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首页 > 攻略库 > 考试攻略 > 托福 托福听力学科词汇积累 - 经济学

托福听力学科词汇积累 - 经济学

以下就是100留学为大家整理的托福听力学科词汇积累 - 经济学。希望对各位考生的备考有所帮助:

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很多考生之所以在托福听力考试中听不懂,其中最重要的原因就是因为词汇量有限,要想攻克托福听力,积累词汇是重中之重,尤其是要积累词汇的语音识别。这一努力对于大家做相关学科的学术类讲座非常重要,因为词汇的熟悉可以大大降低该篇的难度系数。今天以经济学为例,跟大家分享有关economics相关专业词汇,请大家注意的是这些词不仅仅是经济学词汇,更是托福考试中的高频词汇。

accounting:会计 cost成本 profit利润 allocation 配置 average :平均 Assumption :假设 barrier 壁垒 capital :资本 capital stock :资本存量capital output ratio :资本产出比率capitalism :资本主义 supply供给 demand需求 commodity :商品common property :公用财产compensation principles:补偿原则 competition :竞争competitivemarket :竞争性市场complement goods :互补品 consistence :一致性 constraints :约束 consumer equilibrium :消费者均衡 corporation :公司 cost minimization :成本极小化 demand schedule :需求表


diminishing marginal utility :边际效用递减 direct approach :直接法 durable goods :耐用品

distribution :分配economic rent :经济租金 economy of scale :规模经济 exclusion :排斥性、排他性 hypothesis :假说 indirect approach :间接法 inferior goods :劣品 investment :投资 long run :长期 luxury :奢侈品 revolution :革命Natural resources :自然资源 non-rivalry :非对抗性ordinary goods :一般品partial equilibrium :局部均衡discrimination :歧视 price seeker :价格搜求者principal—agent issues :委托--代理问题 proportional demand curve :成比例的需求曲线pure exchange :纯交换 rationality :理性 regulation :调节,调控 returns to scale :规模报酬


law of scarcity :稀缺法则 short—run :短期 revealed preference :显示性偏好solution :strategy :策略total expenditure :总支出transitivity :传递性variables :变量Welfare criterion :福利subsidy :津贴substitutes :替代品stability :稳定性relative price 相对价格Insurance 保险Contract合约Verbal agreement口头协议Repay 偿还Interest 利息Merchant 商人Cautious 谨慎的Paramount 极为重要的Manufacture 制造Label 标签Inform 告知Cost成本Profit利润loss损失Net净的,gross粗略的Supply and demand供求Supply chain供应链Fluctuation 浮动boom 繁荣 bust破产Recession 衰退Depression萧条Marketing strategies市场营销策略Survey调查Surplus 剩余Shipment 运输Distribution 分布Retail 零售Whole sale 批发Franchise特许经营Budget预算 mortgage 抵押patent :专利division of labor :劳动分工dynamic analysis :动态分析dynamic models :动态模型direct taxes :直接税depreciation :折旧consumer optimization :消费者优化consumerpreference :消费者偏好consumer surplus :消费者剩余consumer theory :消费者理论consumption :消费consumer :消费者consumer behavior :消费者行为monopolistic competition :垄断竞争monopolisticexploitation :垄断剥削constant cost industry :成本不变产业


下面在以TPO6 第一篇讲座为例,来看这些词汇的熟悉对于托福听力的帮助。

Professor

Now when I mention the terms “boom andbust”, what is that going to mind?

Student

The dotcom crash of the ‘90s.


Professor

Ok. The boom in the late 1990s when allthose new Internet companies sprung up and then sold for huge amounts of money.Then the bust around 2000…2001 when many of those same Internet companies wentout of business. Of course, booms aren’t always followed by busts. We’vecertainly seen times when local economies expanded rapidly for a while and thenwent back to a normal pace of growth. But, there’s a type of rapid expansion,what might be called the hysterical or irrational boom that pretty much alwaysleads to a bust. See, people often create and intensify a boom when they getcarried away by some new industry that seems like it will make them lots ofmoney fast. If you think that by the 90s, people would have learned from thepast. If they did, well, look at tulips.


在讲座的开头部分,教师举例讲解了经济发展周期的一普遍现象-繁荣与萧条,语速较快,难度等级高。学生一开始就直接懵了,因为教授的讲座内容一开始就说了这节课的主题:“ Now when I mention the terms “boom and bust”,”而学生不知道boombust是什么意思。无形中注意力就会集中于在脑海里搜索什么事boom and bust。在他们苦苦追寻这两个单词的意思时,简短的开头部分就已经讲完了。然而不幸的是和往常一样,开头部分又有考题的涉及,如

7. What is the professor’s opinion aboutthe dot-com crash?

A: She thinks that people should haverealized it would happen

B: She does not believe that anything likeit will happen again

C: She is surprised that it did not have moreserious consequences

D: She is confident that people learned avaluable lesson from it

其实这道题目是在考核语法的虚拟语气,与过去事实相反,听力是这样说的 “ If youthink that by the 90s, people would have learned from the past.”因此这道题正确答案应该是A. 但是学生如果知道boom一词是繁荣,bust是萧条的话,就不会在无谓的词汇回忆上浪费时间,最终如泰戈尔所说:错过了太阳时,你在哭泣,那么你也会错过星星。


以上是100留学为大家整理的托福听力学科词汇积累 - 经济学。更多托福备考内容,请继续关注100留学教育。


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